Retinopathy of prematurity (retrolental fibroplasia)

Traction on retina which may lead to retinal detachment.





Prognosis:  related to severity of vascularity and subsequent spontaneous regression. Myopia is common. Blindness follows retinal detachment.

Fierson WM, Palmer EA, Biglan AW, Flynn JT, Petersen RA, Phelps DL.
Screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of
prematurity. A joint statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics,
the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus,
and the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Pediatrics.
Palmer EA, Flynn JT, Hardy RJ, et al. Incidence and early course of
retinopathy of prematurity. The Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of
Prematurity Cooperative Group. Ophthalmology. 1991;98:168-1640
The Committee for the Classification of Retinopathy of Prematurity.
The international classification of retinopathy of prematurity. Arch
Ophthalmol. 1984;102:1130-1134
Wright K, Anderson ME, Walker E, Lorch V. Should fewer premature
infants be screened for retinopathy of prematurity in the managed care
era? Pediatrics. 1998;102:31-34