Neonatal Candidiasis

Candidiasis in the neonate may be acquired in utero or at the time of delivery. Infants who have congenital candidiasis exhibit diffuse scaling and erythema or erythematous papules and pustules at birth. Those who acquired infection natally have similar physical findings that begin days to weeks after delivery. A potassium hydroxide preparation performed on scale or a pustule roof demonstrates pseudohyphae and spores.