- tibia vara - causes bow leg deformity
- dysplasia of the medial aspect of the proximal
causes the lower leg to point inward (wider space at knees, narrower at
- This condition is more common among
African-American children. It is also associated with obesity and early
walking. There does not appear to be an obvious genetic factor.
- Early x-ray changes show an increase in the epiphyseal metaphyseal angle
and beaking of the proximal medial metaphysis.
- Unlike physiologic bowleg, which tend to
straighten as the child develops, Blount's disease is progressive and the
condition worsens. It can cause severe bowing of the legs and can
affect one or both legs.
- Treatment includes bracing and possibly surgery.
CHLA Board Review 2005