Scoliosis (Scoliosis, Congenital)

Infantile Scoliosis

Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis: 4-10 years; males=females; 1/3-1/2 have abnormality on MR

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: >11 years; more common in females; right thoracic most common; left thoracic curve assoc. with underlying abnormality in 75% -MRI strongly suggested

Idiopathic scoliosis should be PAINLESS

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis typically is:

The Adams test is used to inspect the spine for scoliosis.


Killian JT, Mayberry S, Wilkinson L. Current concepts in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatr Ann. 1999;28:755-761
Thompson GH, Scoles PV. Idiopathic scoliosis. In: Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 16th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 2000:2083-2086

CHLA Board Review 2005